Vintage diamond-shaped Turkoman gul yaka or "neck flower" pendant.
Length: About 5.25 inches
Width: 3.25 inches
Materials: Mixed metals, glass jewel
Metal Color: Mostly silvery, tarnished
Jewel Color: Faded red
Attachment: Bale at the top
Vintage Turkoman Gul Yaka pendant with old faded red glass jewel in the center. About 3.25 inches across and 5.25 inches long. Bales at the top for attaching. Nice jingle. Mixed metals are more silvery and are unpolished. These classic pieces of Turkoman jewelry are called "gul yaka" or "neck flower" and are used as part of a fastener at the neck of coats or tunics. Also sometimes called "doonbajik".
The Turkoman are an ethnic group native to Central Asia, primarily the Turkmen nation state of Turkmenistan. Smaller communities are also found in Iran, Afghanistan, North Caucasus (Stavropol Krai), and northern Pakistan. The major Turkmen tribes are Tekke, Yomut, Ersari, Chowdur and Saryk. The most numerous are the Tekke. The Turkmen lifestyle was heavily invested in horsemanship and horse-breeding. In spite of changes prompted by the Soviet period, the Turkmen have remained very well known for their horses, the Akhal-Teke desert horse and also for their unique and beautiful jewelry traditions.